Dressing for Cold Weather

To get outside and be comfortable in chilly winter temperatures you need to start with proper apparel,
which includes fabrics with features that help regulate body temperature and preserve the body’s micro-climate.

Proper Layering Beats Harsh, Cold Weather
Proper layering allows you to strike a balance between your body temperature, clothing
and the outside elements. As the temperature rises and/or your activity level increases,
you can take off layers. Add layers as you get colder or the temperature drops. Also.
Taking off your gloves or hat is a quick way to vent. As much as 70 percent of your
body heat escapes through your extremities.
Considers The Following Points When Deciding Your Layering Needs

  1. First Layer: Crucial! This layer must move moisture away from the body to prevent chill.
    Bras, briefs, tops and pants should be made of wicking materials.
  2. Insulation: This is the mid layer. These garments also move moisture and trap warm air.
  3. Outerlayer: This layer protects you from wind and precipitation, and completes
    moisture transfer by releasing perspiration into the air.

How to Dress for the Weather

Heavy Precipitation Moderate Precipitation Light Precipitation Dry Dark
20°- 40° Outer shell Waterproof or breathable
water resistant vest/jacket
and pant/tight
Waterproof or
breathable water
resistant vest/jacket
and
pant/tight
Water resistant/
breathable vest/jacket
and pant/tight
Breathable vest/jacket
and pant/tight
Reflective jacket
or vest
20°- 40° First layer
insulation
Lightweight Lightweight Lightweight Lightweight
20°- 40° Accessories Gloves & hat:
water resistant
and breathable; yak trax
Gloves & hat:
water resistant
and breathable; yak trax
Gloves & hat (optional);
yak trax
Gloves & hat (optional) Lights, reflective bands
0°- 20° Outer shell Waterproof or breathable
water resistant vest/jacket
and pant/tight
Waterproof or
breathable water
resistant vest/jacket and
pant/tight
Breathable water
resistant vest/jacket and
pant/tight
Breathable vest/jacket
and pant/tight
Reflective jacket
or
vest
0°- 20° First layer
insulation
Midweight and/or lightweight Midweight and/or
lightweight
Midweight and/or
lightweight
Midweight and/or
lightweight
0°- 20° Accessories Gloves & head gear:
waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Gloves & head gear:
waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Gloves & head gear: waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Gloves & head gear:
windproof plus thermal
Lights, reflective bands
0°- 20° Outer shell Waterproof or breathable
water resistant jacket and
pant
Waterproof or breathable
water resistant jacket and pant
Breathable water
resistant jacket and
pant/tight
Breathable jacket and
pant/tight
Reflective jacket or
vest
0°- 20° First layer
insulation
Midweight plus fleece Midweight plus fleece Midweight plus fleece Midweight plus fleece
0°- 20° Accessories Gloves & head gear:
waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Gloves & head gear:
waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Gloves & head gear:
waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Gloves & head gear:
waterproof plus thermal;
windproof underwear;
arm warmers; yak trax
Lights, reflective bands

Wind Chill Factor 
10mph wind = a temperature drop of about 15° 
20mph wind = a temperature drop of about 25° 
15mph wind = a temperature drop of about 20° 
30mph wind = a temperature drop of about 35°